Republic of Iceland (in English: The Republic of Iceland), the Nordic countries, Denmark Strait and across the West Greenland sea, east of the Norwegian Sea, north of the Greenland Sea, south Atlantic. Reykjavik. Geographical concept, Iceland is often considered part of the five Nordic countries. Today Iceland is a highly developed countries, once the world's fifth per capita gross domestic product, as well as the world's first human development index ranking (2009).
Area of 103,000 square kilometers, the second largest island in Europe. Europe's most western countries, located in the central North Atlantic, north close to the Arctic Circle, Iceland 1 / 8 by glaciers, glacier area of the 8000 km2, coastline of about 4970 km. Throughout the highlands of Iceland is a bowl surrounded by mountains to the coast, in the middle of a plateau. Most of the platform, platform height mostly in the 400-800 m between individual mountain peaks up to 1300-1700 m, the highest peak in Iceland is the Chinese Nadal Sihe Sihanouk Mountain (2119 m). Lowland area is small, west and southwest plains and distribution of sea ice into the alluvial plain, plain, an area of about 7% of the entire island. No irregular coastline of glacier flow, and more fjords, coves. Other coastal areas are mainly beach, a sandbar formed offshore lagoon.
Iceland has more than 100 volcanoes, the "Arctic Fire Island" in the name famous, there are volcanoes 200-300, 40 to 50 active volcanoes. The main volcano Laki volcano, China Granada Hills volcano, Hekla and Katla volcano, and so on. China is the country Nadal Sihe Sihanouk volcanic peak, elevation 2119 meters. Iceland almost the entire country are built on volcanic rock, most of the land not cultivated between 1963 and 1967 in south-western coast of the volcanic activity formed a small island about 2.1 square kilometers.
Iceland is the world's largest hot springs country, known as the "spell of the country." Island about 250 alkaline hot springs, the largest hot spring can produce 200 liters per second spring.
Iceland more fountains, waterfalls, lakes and rushing rivers, the largest river 227 km long river Xiyou Er show. Iceland is a cold temperate maritime climate, volatile. Impact due to a shutdown, the more moderate the rest of the same latitude. Long summer sunshine, winter sunshine is very short. The beginning of the fall and winter aurora visible. Iceland has "Volcano Island", "Kirishima", "Frozen Land," "Ice and Fire Island," said.